Institute of Water and Environmental Problems of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWEP FEB RAS)
The Institute of Water and Environmental Problems FEB RAS is one of the oldest in the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It was founded by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 1434 dated 07/11/1968 on the basis of a group of laboratories that were part of the FEB named after V.L. Komarov of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Initially, it was called the Khabarovsk Complex Research Institute, in 1988 it was renamed the Institute of Water and Environmental Problems of FEB AS USSR.
The structure of the Institute includes 7 scientific laboratories and 2 departments:
- scientific and experimental facility "Slavyanka" (Nanai district).
- scientific and experimental facility "Shivki" (Bikinsky district).
The specialists of the Institute have identified patterns in the formation of the hydrological regime of the Amur River and the landscape of the Amur region, resources of surface and ground waters, bioresources of peat forests and swamps in the south of the Far East. An assessment of the current state of the species diversity of the animal and plant world of the region, anthropogenic transformations of ecosystems in the south of the Far East is given. The factors that determine the biodiversity in the region are established, the creation of a network of specially protected natural areas is substantiated.
Every year, the Institute's employees go on scientific expeditions around the Khabarovsk Territory, as well as on the territory of other areas of the Far Eastern Federal District. The routes of expeditionary detachments run in the remote northern regions of the Khabarovsk Territory, in the mountains of Dzhugdzhur, Sikhote-Alin, Badzhalsky, Bureinsky, Khingan ranges, on the coasts of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan, along the entire Amur - from the confluence of the Shilka with the Argun to the Amur estuary.
The Institute carried out work to assess the impact of various projects constructed in the Far East region on the environment. Among them are hydroelectric power plants, a tidal power plant, a nuclear power plant, mining and processing plants, oil and gas pipelines.
On the instructions of the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, the staff of the Institute is studying the state of the Amur River to provide the population of Khabarovsk with high-quality drinking water, natural objects are proposed and justified as specially protected areas, and the state of the unique objects of the biological diversity of the region is monitored - rare and endangered species of plants and animals. A state contract was implemented with the Amur Basin Water Authority to assess the impact of large Russian cities on the quality of the Amur water.
Employees of the Institute participated in the preparation of the Red Book of the Jewish Autonomous Region (2007), the Red Book of the Khabarovsk Territory (2000, 2008, 2019), the Red Book of the Russian Federation (2008), the atlases of the Khabarovsk Territory and the City of Khabarovsk.
Main scientific areas:
- elucidation of the patterns of formation of surface and ground waters, a comprehensive assessment of land water resources, the development of scientific foundations for their rational use and management
- research of ecosystems of the Far East with the aim of rational use of biological resources
- environmental assessment of anthropogenic impact on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Address: 56 Dikopoltseva street, Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk Territory, 680000
Phone: +7 (4212) 22-75-73